The concept behind a summer season tire is for optimum efficiency in warmer, dry conditions. That said, many will perform acceptably if the road is damp (otherwise they likely would not have any tread at all). It's often stated that summer tires use a very soft rubber, which is why they're so grippy and utilized in performance cars. Yet, if you were to put a summertime tire and a winter season tire side by side at space temperature level, the winter tire would feel far more versatile. It's essential to comprehend that while summer tires are certainly soft, every tire has a specific temperature range at which it performs best. The reason you see cars turning dramatically left and right on straights in Motorsport (and frequently during care) is to either warmer the tires up or keep them at running temperatures. At lower temperatures, summer tires are a lot more firm and will not supply optimum traction.
So if winter season tires are softer than summertime tires at space temperature, why not utilize these substances in racing? Put simply, the tire would break down. Winter season tires are not made to handle high amounts of friction persistently as summertime tires are. As the tire heats up, it would wear extremely quickly. This is why it's thought about a bad concept to run winter season tires throughout the year, as you'll be changing them far more often due to excessive wear in the summer season.
Summertime tires will normally have less tread than all-season or winter season tires, they'll have compounds which can deal with more heat and use less at greater temperatures where they will have the highest lateral (and longitudinal) grip, and they will provide increased responsiveness as they will not have as much roll as softer substances (at lower temperatures) with softer sidewalls.